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{**Latest*} UPSC – IES/ISS Exam Syllabus, Pattern and Eligibility Criteria

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UPSC – IES/ISS Exam Syllabus, Pattern and Eligibility Criteria

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Union Public Service Commission conducts the Indian Economic Service (IES) and Indian Statistical Service (ISS) Exam every year. The Syllabus followed by UPSC IES/ISS Exam was detailed below…


upsc ies exam sylabus

Standard and Syllabi

The standard of papers in General English and General Studies are such as might be expected of a graduate of an Indian University. The standard of papers in the subjects are that of the Master’s degree examination of an Indian University in the relevant areas. The candidates will be expected to illustrate theory by details, and to analyse difficulties with the aid of theory. They’ll be expected to be especially familiar with problems within the industry of Economic/Statistics.


General English: 

Candidates will be required to compose an essay in English. Other questions are designed to test their understanding of English and workmanlike utilization of words. Passages will be set for summary or precis.

General Studies

General Knowledge including understanding of current events and of such matters of each day monitoring and experience in their scientific aspects as may be expected of an educated person that has never made a particular study of any subject. The newspaper will have questions on Indian Polity including the political system and the Constitution of India, History of India and also Geography of a nature that the candidate should be able to answer without study.


General Economics

General Economics-I
Part A: 

1. Theory of Consumer’s Demand: Cardinal utility Evaluation; Marginal utility and demand, Consumer’s surplus, Indifference curve Analysis and utility function, Price income and substitution effects, Slutsky theorem and derivation of the demand curve, Revealed preference theory. Choice under risk and uncertainty, duality and indirect utility function and cost feature.

2. Theory of Production: Factors of production and production function. Types of Production Functions: CES Cobb-Douglas and Fixed type, Translog production function. Laws of yield, Returns to scale and reunite to factors of production. Allocative and technical efficiency, cost and duality feature, Measures of productive efficiency of firms. Partial Equilibrium vs General Equilibrium approach. Equilibrium of the firm and industry.

3. Theory of Value: prices under different market structures, public sector pricing, marginal cost pricing, peak-load pricing, cross-subsidy free pricing and average cost pricing. Marshallian and Walrasian stability evaluation. Pricing with moral hazard issues and information.

4. Theory of Distribution: Neo classical supply theories; Marginal productivity theory of the determination of factor costs, Factor shares and adding up issues. Euler’s theorem, Pricing of variables under imperfect competition, monopoly and bilateral monopoly. Macro-distribution theories of Ricardo, Marx, Kaldor, Kalecki.

5. Welfare Economics: Inter-personal contrast and aggregation issue, Public goods and externality, Divergence between private and social welfare, compensation principle. Pareto optimality. Recent colleges and social choices, such as Coase and Sen and Game theory.

Part B:
Quantitative Methods in Economics:

1. Mathematical Methods in Economics: Differentiation and Integration as well as their application in economics. Sets, optimization techniques, Matrices and their application in economics. Linear and linear algebra programming in Input-output model of Leontief and economics.

2. Statistical and Econometric Methods: Measures of central tendency and dispersions, Correlation and Regression, Time series, Index amounts, Sampling and Survey procedures, Testing of theory, easy non-parametric tests. Drawing of curves based on various linear and non-linear function. Least square strategies and other multivariate analysis (only concepts and interpretation of results). Analysis of Variance, Factor analysis, Principle component analysis, Discriminant analysis. Curve and Gini coefficient.


General Economics-II

1. Economic Thought: Mercantilism Physiocrats, Classical, Marxist, Neo-classical, Keynesian and Monetarist schools of thought.

2. Concept of National Income and Social Accounting: Measurement of National Income, Interconnection between three measures of national income from the presence of the Government industry and Global transactions. Green federal income, factors.

3. Theory of employment, Output, Inflation, Money and Finance: The Classical Theory of Employment and Output and Neo classical methods. Analysis under classical and neo classical analysis, equilibrium. Keynesian theory of Employment and output signal. Post-Keynesian developments. The inflationary gap; Require pull versus cost-push inflation, Philip’s curve and its own policy implication. Classical theory on Currency, the Quantity Theory of Currency. Friedman’s restatement of the quantity theory, the neutrality of money. The supply and demand for loanable funds and stability in financial markets, Keynes’ theory on the need for cash.

4. Financial and Capital Market: Finance and economic development, financial markets, stock market, gift market, banking and insurance. Fiscal markets, Role of Main and Secondary markets and efficacy, Derivatives markets; Futures and alternatives.

5. Economic Growth and Development: Concepts of Economic Growth and Development and their measurement: characteristics of less developed countries and barriers to their development — growth, poverty and income distribution. Theories of growth: Classical Approach: Adam Smith, Marx and Schumpeter — Neo classical strategy; Robinson, Solow, Kaldor and harrod Domar. Theories of Economic Development, rostow, Rosenstein-Roden, Nurske, Hirschman, Leibenstien and Arthur Lewis, Amin and Frank (Dependency school) respective role of the nation and the marketplace. Utilitarian and Welfariest approach to development and the critique of also A K Sen. Sen’s capability approach to economic development. The Human Development Index. Physical quality of Human Povery Index and Life Index.

6. International Economics: Gains from International Trade, Terms of Trade, coverage, global trade and economic growth — Theories of International Trade; Ricardo, Haberler, Heckscher-Ohlin and Stopler-Samuelson — Theory of Tariffs — Regional Trade Arrangements.

7.  Balance of Payments: Exchange Rates, Disequilibrium in Balance of Payments, Foreign Trade Multiplier, Mechanism of Adjustments, Multiple Exchange Rates and Import and Exchange Controls.

8. Global Institutions: UN agencies dealing with economic aspects, World Bank, IMF and WTO, Multinational Corporations.

General Economics-III

1. Public Finance: Theories of taxation: Maximum taxation and tax reforms, incidence of taxation; Theories of public expenditure: objectives and effects of public expenditure, public expenditure policy and social cost benefit evaluation, criteria of public investment choices social rate of discount, shadow prices of investment, unskilled labour and international exchange. Budgetary deficits. Theory of public debt administration.

2. Environmental Values: non-users values and Users; alternative worth. Valuation Methods: revealed preference methods and Stated. Design of Environmental Policy Instruments taxation and pollution permits, collective action and casual regulation by local communities. Theories of exhaustible and renewable sources. International environmental agreements. Climatic change problems. Kyoto protocol, tradable permits and carbon dioxide.

3. Industrial Economics: Market structure, conduct and performance of firms, product differentiation and market concentration, monopolistic price theory and oligopolistic interdependence and pricing, entrance preventing pricing, micro level investment choices and the behaviour of companies, research and development and innovation, market structure and sustainability, general policy and development of firms.

4. State, Market and Planning: Planning in a growing economy, Planning regulation and economy, Indicative Planning, Decentralised Planning.

Indian Economics

1. History of Development and Planning: Alternative Development Strategies – goal of self-reliance based on import substitution and security, the post-1991 globalization strategies predicated on improvement and structural adjustment packages: financial reforms, financial sector reforms and trade reforms.

2. Federal Finance: Constitutional provisions relating to financial and fiscal powers of the nations, Finance Commissions and their formulae for sharing taxes, Financial facet of Sarkaria Commission Report, Financial facets of 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments.

3. Poverty, Unemployment and Human Development: Quotes of inequality and poverty measures for India, appraisal of Government measures, India’s human development document in a global perspective. India’s public policy and growth.

4. Agriculture and Rural Development Strategies: Technologies and institutions, land relations and property reforms, rural credit, modern farm inputs and promotion — cost policy and subsidies; commercialization and diversification. Rural development programs such as poverty alleviation programs, development of economic and social infrastructure and New Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme.

5. India’s experience with Urbanisation and Migration: Different types of migratory flows and their impact on the economies of their origin and destination, the process of growth of urban settlements; urban growth strategies.

6. Industry: Plan of Industrial development: Industrial Policy Reforms; Reservation Policy relating to small scale industries. Competition policy, Resources of industrial financing. Bank, discuss the market, insurance companies, pension funds, non-banking sources and overseas direct investment, the role of international funds for direct investment and portfolio investment, Public Sector reform, privatization and disinvestments.

7. Labour: Employment, unemployment and under-employment, industrial associations and labor welfare — strategies for employment generation — Urban labor market and informal sector employment, Report of National Commission on Labour, Social issues regarding labor eg.

8. Foreign Trade: Salient features of India’s foreign trade, direction and organization of trade, recent changes in trade policy, composition, tariff policy, the balance of payments,  India and WTO requirements, exchange rate.

9. Money and Banking: Financial sector reforms, Organisation of India’s money market, changing roles of the Reserve Bank of India, commercial banks, commercial banks, development finance institutions, foreign banks and non-banking monetary associations, Indian capital market and SEBI, Development in Global Financial Market and its connection with Indian Financial Sector.

10. Inflation: Definition, trends, quotes, effects and remedies (management ): Wholesale Price Index, Consumer Price Index: elements and tendencies.

11. Budgeting and Fiscal Policy: Tax, expenditure, budgetary deficits, pension and financial reforms, Public debt management and reforms, Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act, Black money and Parallel economy in India definition, estimates, genesis, consequences and remedies.


1. Probability: Sample space. The course of occasions and Probability measure. Laws of complete and compound probability. Probability of events from n. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem. Random variables — discrete and continuous. Distribution function. Poisson distribution. Joint distributions, conditional distributions, Distributions of functions of random variables. Convergence in distribution, in probability, with probability one and in mean square. Moments and cumulants. Mathematical expectation and conditional expectation. Characteristic moment and function and probability generating function Inversion uniqueness and continuity theorems. Borel 0-1 law: Kolmogorov’s 0-1 law. Tchebycheff’s and Kolmogorov’s inequalities. Laws of large numbers and central limit theorems for independent variables. Conditional expectation and Martingales.

2. Statistical Methods

(a) Collection, compilation and presentation of information, Charts, diagrams and histogram. Frequency distribution. Bivariate and multivariate data. Curve matching and orthogonal polynomials. Bivariate normal distribution. regression-linear, polynomial. Distribution of this correlation coefficient, Partial and multiple correlations, Intraclass correlation, Correlation ratio.

(b) Standard errors and large sample evaluation. Sampling distributions of x,s2, t, chisqure and F; tests of significance based on these, Small sample tests.

(c) Non-parametric tests-Goodness of fit, sign, median, run, Wilcoxon, Mann-Whitney, WaldWolfowitz and Kolmogorov-Smirnov. Rank order statistics-minimum, max, range and median. Concept of Asymptotic comparative efficiency.

3. Numerical Analysis:  Interpolation formulae (with remainder terms) because of Lagrange, Newton-Gregory, Newton Divided distinct, Gauss and Striling. Euler-Maclaurin’s summation formula. Inverse interpolation. Numerical integration and differentiation. Difference equations of the first purchase. Linear difference equations with constant coefficients.


1. Linear Models: Theory of linear quote. Gauss-Markoff setup. Least square estimators. Use of g-inverse. Analysis of two-way and one-way classified data-fixed, mixed and random effect models.

2. Estimation Characteristics: of great estimator. Estimation methods of minimum chisquare maximum likelihood, minutes and least squares. Optimal properties of maximum likelihood estimators. Minimum variance unbiased estimators. Minimum variance estimators. Cramer-Rao inequality. Bhattacharya boundaries. Sufficient estimator. factorisation theorem. Total statistics. Rao-Blackwell theorem. Confidence interval estimation. Optimum confidence bounds. Resampling, Bootstrap and Jacknife.

3. Hypotheses testing and Statistical Quality Control

(A) Hypothesis testing: Simple and composite hypothesis. Two types of error. Critical region. Various kinds of critical areas and regions that are related. Power function. Strongest and uniformly most powerful tests. Lemma. Unbiased test. Randomized test. Elements of game and decision theory.

(B) Statistical Quality Control: Control Charts for varying and attributes. Acceptance Sampling by Sampling programs; Concepts of ATI and AOQL; Acceptance Sampling by variables-use of Dodge-Romig along with other tables.

4. Multivariate Analysis:  Estimation of mean vector and covariance matrix. Distribution of Hotelling’s T2-statistic, Mahalanobis’s D2-statistic, and their use in testing. Partial and multiple correlation coefficients in samples from a multivariate normal people. Wishart’s supply, its own reproductive and other properties. Wilk’s criterion. Discriminant function. Main elements. Canonical variates and correlations.



1. Sampling Techniques: Census versus sample survey. Large scale sample and pilot surveys. Role of NSS organization. Simple random sampling with and without replacement. Stratified sampling and sample allocations. Variance and cos functions. Regression and ratio methods of estimation. Sampling with probability proportional to size. Cluster, double, multiphase, multistage and systematic sampling. Interpenetrating sub-sampling. Non-sampling errors.

2. Analysis and design of Experiments:  Basics of design. Layout and analysis of completely randomised block and Latin square designs. Factorial experiments and confounding in experiments. Split-plot and strip-plot designs. Construction and evaluation of both balanced and partially balanced incomplete block designs. Analysis of covariance. Evaluation of data that is non-orthogonal. Analysis of missing and combined plot information.

3. Economic Statistics: Methods of their difference method. YuleSlutsky effect. Correlogram. Models of second and first purchase. Periodogram analysis. Index numbers of prices and quantities and their comparative merits. Construction of wholesale and consumer prices. Engel and income distribution-Pareto curves. Concentration curve. Methods of estimating national income. Inter-sectoral flows. Inter-industry table.

4. Econometrics: Theory and evaluation of customer demand-specification and estimation. Demand elasticities. Construction and model. Estimation of parameters in single equation model classical squares, generalized least-square serial correlation mistakes in the model that is variable. Simultaneous equation models-Identification, rank and other ailments. Two and indirect least squares stage least squares. Forecasting.


1.Stochastic Processes: Specifications of a Stochastic Process Markov chains limiting probabilities; static distribution; Random walk and Gambler’s ruin problem. Poisson process, Birth and death process; applications to M/M/C and Queues-M/M/I versions. Branching Process.

2. Operations Research: Elements of programming. Simplex procedure. Principle of all duality. Transport and assignment problems. Single and multi-period inventory management models. ABC analysis. General simulation issues. Models for items that deteriorate and or things that neglect.

3. Demography and Vital Statistics: The life , its own constitution and properties. Makehams and Gompertz curves. National life tables. Abridged life tables. Stable and populations that are stationary. Birth prices. Overall fertility rate. Gross and net reproduction prices. Mortality rates. Standardised death rate. Internal and international migration: internet migration. Postcensal and international estimates. Projection process including curve fitting. Decennial population census in India.

4. Computer Application and Data Processing:
(a) Computer Application

Computer system concepts: The Central Processing Unit, Input/Output Devices, Main memory, Word, Speeds and memory Capacities in computer systems, Bit, Byte. Computer system components and functions.

Software concepts: Overview of Operating Systems, application Software, Types and Functions of Operating System, Batch Processing Mode, Time sharing mode, Software for multi-tasking, multi-programming, Overview of Existing Software packages on Word Processing and Spreadsheets, Concept of System Support Programme.

Overview of an application Specific Programme: Flow charts, Basics of Algorithm, Fundamental of design and analysis of Algorithm, Queue, Stack and Basics of data structure.
(b) Data Processing

Data processing: Digital Number System, Binary representation of integers, Number conversions, Logical Data element like character, Binary representation of real numbers,  Fundamentals of data transmission and processing including error control, fields, records, files and error processing.

Database management: Data Resource management. Database and file organization and processing. (a) Sequential, (b) Direct , (c) Indexed Sequential file. DataBase Administrator, An overview of DBMS Software, Concepts of Client-Server architecture.


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